Resume Samples & Templates

What Exactly Is A Resume? (Types, Crucial Elements, And Examples)

To land a dream job that fits your skill set and personality, you must convince the employer that you are the right fit. Your chances of landing your first interview can improve if your resume is strong. It is a tool that enables you to highlight your best traits and abilities and catch the attention of a hiring manager. In this post, we define a resume, go over its fundamental components, examine key components, and provide examples to persuade employers to hire you.

What Exactly Is A Resume?

Knowing the response to the question, “What exactly is a resume?” will improve your chances of creating one that attracts hiring managers’ attention. A resume provides an overview of your professional history, along with some of your most recent accomplishments and talents. A well-written CV lists your pertinent talents and employment history on one or two pages. Your CV highlights your most significant accomplishments and talents to convince the person in charge of human resources that you’re the ideal applicant for the position.

Additionally, CVs provide a useful tool for evaluating your professional development and skill set so that you can modify or enhance them as necessary to meet market demands. It serves as your first impression of the recruiter and influences whether they will ask you for an interview. It might be challenging to cover every part of your professional history in one or two pages, so writing a successful CV often takes forethought as well as comprehension of what employers are searching for.

How Should Your Resume Be Structured?

A resume has a lot of sections and components that are organized and shown in a way that makes it simple to grasp your information and highlights your strongest qualifications for the position you want. You can use the following format to make a CV that stands out:

  • Names and phone numbers
  • Career Objective
  • Educational background
  • Skills
  • Work experience
  • Accomplishments
  • Certificates and training
  • Hobbies and interests

The importance of a CV

A CV holds great importance in the job search process for several reasons:

  • First Impression: A resume serves as your first introduction to potential employers. It creates an initial impression of your qualifications, skills, and experiences. A well-crafted CV can capture the attention of employers and make them interested in learning more about you as a candidate.
  • Showcasing Relevant Information: A resume allows you to highlight the most relevant information for a specific job. It provides a concise summary of your professional background, including your work experience, education, skills, and certifications. By tailoring your CV to each job application, you can emphasize the qualifications and experiences that align with the requirements of the position.
  • Demonstrating Qualifications: A resume serves as a tool to demonstrate that you possess the necessary qualifications and skills for a particular job. It provides a comprehensive overview of your educational background, training, and any specialized certifications or achievements. Through your CV, you can effectively showcase your expertise and competencies that make you a strong candidate for the role.
  • Standing Out from Competitors: In a competitive job market, a well-crafted resume can help you stand out from other applicants. It allows you to present your unique strengths, experiences, and accomplishments that differentiate you from the competition. A compelling CV can catch the attention of employers and increase your chances of being selected for an interview.
  • Time-saving for Employers: Employers often receive numerous applications for a single job opening. A well-structured CV makes it easier for them to quickly assess your qualifications and determine if you are a potential fit for the role. By presenting your information in a clear and organized manner, you help employers save time and make their evaluation process more efficient.
  • Professionalism and Attention to Detail: A resume demonstrates your professionalism and attention to detail. It showcases your ability to communicate effectively, follow formatting guidelines, and present information in a professional manner. A well-presented CV indicates that you take your application seriously and have put effort into presenting yourself in the best possible light.

In summary, a resume is essential in the job search process as it introduces you to potential employers, highlights your qualifications, demonstrates your suitability for a role, and helps you stand out among other applicants. By investing time and effort into crafting a well-structured and tailored CV, you can increase your chances of securing job interviews and ultimately landing the desired job.

What Should You Do Before Composing a Resume?

Your CV should demonstrate to the employer why you are an excellent candidate for the position and how you could benefit the business. Before drafting your CV, think about doing the following to do:

  • Do some research: Do some research on the job openings that appeal to you.
  • Examine job postings: To improve your CV, look for employment-related terms in job descriptions, such as commonly cited abilities and themes.
  • Meet with business leaders in the sector: To learn about the best traits to have to land a job in your business, do informational interviews with professionals in the field.
  • Read business publications: Look through a publication or magazine written for professionals in your selected field.
  • Check additional CV examples: View examples of effective resumes from candidates who were hired or at least invited for an interview.

Important Resume Elements

The following significant components can be found in a CV that is organized and formatted properly:

USP (unique selling proposition)

Your USP amply demonstrates your strongest abilities and the reasons you are a good fit for the position and company. It’s crucial to highlight these abilities throughout your CV. Include them in the main points of your previous and current employment in the professional experience section to draw attention to them more. A USP could be technical writing, for instance. A technical writer’s USP in content writing is their capacity to write about extremely technical subjects, like software, IT, programming, and gadgets, in a way that makes the concepts clear to readers.

Below are two examples of how to effectively highlight your USP on a CV:

  • Wrote over 30 lengthy articles a month on subjects relating to web development.
  • Developed and upgraded user manuals, SOPs, and educational materials while working with the technical department.


Before reviewing your complete CV, an employer might just skim your objective or summary. Therefore, a succinct description can clearly and concisely present your professional background, achievements, and skills. Limit it to no more than four sentences. Include words and phrases that are appropriate for your field and employment.

An effective resume summary or objective is shown here:

  • Practical knowledge in inventory management. Renowned for using inventory management strategies.


Your work history includes both your recent and prior employment. Depending on the style or structure of your resume, you can demonstrate this in a variety of ways. Your work title, employer, place of employment, length of employment, and a list of your duties and accomplishments for each position could all be included in your employment history.

An example of how to present your professional history in the professional experience part of your CV is provided below:

The Dalai Lama Technical College, Commercial English Teacher

1 year, 6 months | Delhi

  • Obtaining an honors Certificate for Teaching Excellence.
  • Teaching role-playing, commercial writing, verbal English, and commercial English.
  • Mentoring and evaluating pupils for extracurricular activities like English speech contests.

Types of Resumes (Formats)

The three most popular resume formats are as follows:

Standard Resume

Your professional history is listed in reverse chronological order on a typical resume, commonly referred to as a chronological resume. Your most recent job comes first. These are some advantages of a standard CV:

  • Heavily emphasizes your professional history: This style of resume is simple to prepare because it places a strong emphasis on your work history. The job titles, degree of responsibility, and length of your employment history are all clearly displayed.
  • Demonstrates your steady professional path: This resume structure can work well because it demonstrates to employers that you have been able to maintain employment throughout your career to this point.
  • Make it simple to scan the resume: This format makes it simple for the employer to scan your CV, quickly locate your abilities or experience, and decide whether you are qualified for the position.

Skill-based resume

A skills-based CV highlights your abilities and strengths that are relevant to the position. It gives greater weight to these skills and less weight to your work history or experience. The advantages of a skills-based resume are as follows:

  • Concentrates more on your capabilities: It helps employers better grasp your skills and the way they correspond with the position, deflecting attention away from any gaps in your professional history. Additionally, it emphasizes your strengths and essential abilities that can be missed on a chronological CV.
  • Finding relevant skills is made simpler: A skills-based resume enables you to highlight your capabilities in a way that stands out to employers if the position calls for a diverse collection of skills.
  • Serves as a better choice for applicants with less experience: A combination or skills-based CV draws the recruiting manager’s focus away from your professional background and focuses instead on the talents and skills you developed throughout your education, volunteer work, or internships for fresh graduates or new hires. This makes you appear more qualified for entry-level positions.

Combination resume

A hybrid or combination resume combines both a traditional and skill-based resume. The advantages of using a combination resume are as follows:

  • Concentrates on your pertinent skills: It helps the hiring manager know how you may apply these skills to benefit the organization while still highlighting your most pertinent skills.
  • Shows your long-term roles: you can utilize it to change careers and cover up temporary employment. Instead, it gives you the chance to highlight your extensive jobs and the excellent abilities you developed via them.

Resume Formatting Guidelines

The finest CV formatting guidelines are shown below for your reference:

  • Observe the one-page limit. Unless you have the pertinent experience to support it, limit your CV’s content to one page.
  • Ensure there is enough white space. Avoid packing too much text into a short area to the point where the reader feels lost.
  • Make use of a legible font. Verdana, Times New Roman, and Calibri fonts are popular choices among employers as they present a polished and professional image.
  • Use a common font size. For regular text, use a font size of 11 to 14 points, and for section headings, use 14 to 16 points.

14 Proven Ways To Write A Better CV

You can use a variety of resume formats to highlight your exceptional and pertinent skills. You can also use different resume versions depending on the criteria of the job. Here are some pointers to help you become a better CV writer:

1. Examine sample resumes from your industry.

Studying numerous resume samples from your chosen field and learning the best principles for resume writing will motivate you to create a better resume. High-quality resumes typically have clear typefaces, brief information with numbers, and are basic, easy to understand, and uncomplicated. It’s frequently an excellent move to compare your finished resume to samples of the greatest resumes and make the required edits to make it even better.

2. Make a simple template for a resume.

It could be a good idea to construct a simple resume template that you can utilize since you’re probably going to submit applications for jobs frequently over the course of your professional career. The primary components you believe are pertinent for your job in your industry can be included in the template. You can modify these parts each time you submit a job application as necessary to showcase particular skills and qualifications relevant to the position you’re applying for. Sending out job applications may save you time and be more practical.

3. Pick a format for your resume.

You can create a resume in a variety of formats, including the combination, chronological, infographic, functional, profile, and targeted styles. You can pick the format that will work for the business you want to work for and that will best showcase your educational background, professional expertise, and job history. Customize it thoroughly to showcase your own qualities that will make your application stand out. To make it simpler to send to employers, generate versions in Word, PDF, and web formats.

4. Pick a simple, easy-to-read font.

Your resume can be easier to read and look more professional by using the appropriate font. The standard procedure is to stick with a font size of 10 or 12 points and simple fonts like Times New Roman or Arial. It is recommended to utilize no more than two fonts and to make the information stand out where appropriate by using the headline, italic, and bold features.

5. Select appropriate margins

By using the right margins, you may make your resume look better. Strong resumes often feature single spaces between paragraphs and one to two inches of margin space on all sides. Reduce any extra white space on your resume because it can make it appear sparse and give the company the impression that you lack the relevant experience for the job. To cut down on the quantity of empty space, think about changing the typeface to 12 points and including more optional parts. This may allow employers to pay more attention to the information in your CV.

6. Make use of the keywords in the job postings

Before you start creating your CV, thoroughly examine the job description and make a note of the keywords and phrases of importance, particularly in the parts that focus on responsibilities and prerequisites. These terms and phrases describe the qualities that the company seeks in the best candidates. If you are looking for a career as a graphic designer, the job posting can include phrases and keywords like “creative,” ” advertising design,” “brand identity,” “design ideas,” and “visual strategy.”

You can also do some research on the most popular keywords in your sector. Remember that keywords are subject to change, so you might need to alter them often. When used wisely, they can increase the likelihood that employers and applicant tracking systems (which many organizations now utilize) will take note of your resume.

7. Write succinctly utilizing active voice and strong verbs.

The total length of your resume can be decreased and made more readable by keeping your material brief. The majority of hiring managers prefer resumes they can quickly review to gain a sense of a candidate’s qualifications, skills, and experiences. You may help them scan your resume and comprehend your accomplishments by employing active voice, short, brief phrases, and power verbs. For instance using the keywords done, achieved, accomplished, or earned, you might write lines like, managed a design team and boosted the visibility of the brand by 35% in the targeted market.

8. Only incorporate information that is pertinent to your career

Only include professional data in your resume that are directly related to the position that you are applying for. Along with making the resume succinct, this can demonstrate to recruiters that you possess the precise skills they are looking for in candidates. Remember that recruiters only give each résumé a quick glance. Therefore, it is preferable to prioritize and attract attention to the relevant facts even if you possess a lot of expertise and credentials.

9. Include a personal profile

Your professional ambitions may be quickly and effectively communicated to a recruiter by including a personal profile at the beginning of your resume. Do your best to limit it to two or three phrases. It is advised to tailor it to the job specifications and includes the pertinent keywords to increase your probability of being called for an interview.

10. List significant accomplishments

It may not be required to list every one of your comprehensive educational background, professional experiences, and abilities on your resume. Choose a handful of your most noteworthy accomplishments based on the demands of the position, list them in bullet points for easier reading, and, if at all possible, include measurable information. You may say, for instance, Enhanced brand identity design and 35% higher conversions. You may help employers know your abilities and create a better first impression by giving figures that show the quantifiable value that you bring to your work.

11. List your contact information

In order for potential employers to contact you easily, it is typical to include contact information in your resume, including your telephone number, email address, and website address. It might not be required to offer your exact postal address until afterward during the recruiting process, as the majority of employers will likely contact you through telephone or email for the initial screening. You may or may not provide social media connections depending on the employment criteria. For instance, it could be a good idea to mention the links if you’re going for a marketing job to show that you can network.

12. Determine whether sections and subheadings are necessary.

Upon the completion of your resume, you can go through each section and subheading to see if it corresponds with the job requirements. Some of them, like adding both a resume summary and an objective, might be unnecessary. Minimize the total length of your resume and choose just one of the two. If you are a recent graduate without any work experience, you can substitute portions describing your education, academic accomplishments, internships, and extracurricular activities that are more relevant to the job. For easier reading, list the material in bullet points.

13. Review and correct your résumé.

Errors and mistakes can take away from the content of the resume and cast doubt on your abilities in the eyes of the employer. Because of this, it is crucial to check that everything is as flawless as possible before delivering it. When you are pleased with the resume’s format and content overall, proofread it many times to make sure there aren’t mistakes in the grammar or spelling.

You may also run a grammar checker over the resume to find any errors you might have overlooked. Additionally, think about asking a relative or acquaintance to look over it and provide an unbiased evaluation. You might be able to make essential adjustments to the resume thanks to their candid input.

14. Customize your resume for each job you apply for

Since the goal of the resume is to persuade employers that you possess the distinctive skills and qualities they look for in applicants for the open position, it is advised to modify it to suit the needs of the post. To fit into the different jobs you have an interest in, you can also make alternative versions of your resume. You might want two resumes, for instance, to highlight your various skills for the jobs of a copywriter and a graphic designer.


In conclusion, a resume is a concise and organized document that serves as a marketing tool for job seekers. It provides a snapshot of an individual’s qualifications, skills, experiences, and achievements relevant to a specific job or career. A well-crafted resume effectively communicates a candidate’s value proposition, showcasing their abilities and demonstrating their suitability for a desired position. It serves as a first impression to potential employers, highlighting key information and generating interest in further exploring the candidate’s qualifications.

A well-written and tailored resume can greatly increase the chances of securing an interview and ultimately landing the desired job. As a crucial component of the job search process, a resume is an essential tool for presenting oneself professionally and persuasively in the competitive job market.

Frequently Asked Questions About Resumes

Here are five frequently asked questions and answers about resumes:

  • What should be included in a resume?

A resume should include your contact information, professional summary or objective statement, work experience, education, skills, and relevant certifications or additional qualifications. Additionally, you can include sections such as volunteer experience, extracurricular activities, or professional memberships if they are relevant to the job you’re applying for.

  • How long should a resume be?

Ideally, a resume should be one to two pages in length. However, the length can vary depending on your level of experience and the industry you’re in. For entry-level positions or recent graduates, a one-page resume is usually sufficient. For more experienced professionals or those in certain industries, a two-page resume may be appropriate, but be sure to prioritize relevant information and keep it concise.

  • Should I tailor my resume for each job application?

Yes, it is highly recommended to tailor your resume for each job application. Take the time to carefully read the job description and customize your resume to highlight the most relevant skills, experiences, and qualifications that match the requirements of the position. This demonstrates your attention to detail and shows employers that you are a good fit for their specific needs.

  • How should I format my resume?

Use a clean and professional format that is easy to read. Use clear headings, bullet points, and consistent formatting throughout. Choose a legible font and an appropriate font size (usually between 10-12 points). Organize information in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent experience. Use bold or italics sparingly to emphasize important details.

  • Should I include a cover letter with my resume?

Including a cover letter is generally recommended, especially if the job application specifically requests one. A cover letter allows you to introduce yourself, express your interest in the position, and highlight key qualifications or experiences that align with the job requirements. It provides an opportunity to further showcase your communication skills and demonstrate your motivation and enthusiasm for the position.

Remember, a well-crafted resume is a crucial tool in the job search process. It should effectively present your qualifications, skills, and experiences in a concise and compelling manner. Tailor it to each job application, pay attention to formatting and readability, and consider including a cover letter when appropriate. With a well-prepared resume, you can increase your chances of standing out to employers and securing interviews for the job opportunities you’re seeking.

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