Career Advice

Neurologists: Find Out More About Working as a One (Plus Salary Information)

The medical specialty of neurology is dedicated to understanding, diagnosing, and treating various conditions or illnesses of the neurological system. The vital work that these healthcare professionals do to enhance the standard of living for their patients makes careers in this industry frequently lucrative and gratifying. Your decision to pursue this career path and your ability to find employment in this industry can both be influenced by your knowledge of the position.

In this post, we define neurologists and detail the work they do, including the illnesses they cure and the tests they administer. We also list their common backgrounds and describe several popular subspecialties in neurology that you can choose from.

Who are neurologists?

A neurologist is a type of doctor who specializes in identifying, assessing, and treating diseases of the neurological system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. These experts treat patients who have a range of neurological conditions, frequently serving as primary or consultative doctors, based on the patient’s needs. Neurologists are professionals in medical treatment because the neurological system, which is a complicated system that governs all of an individual’s thoughts and actions, has specific training.

Hospitals and private clinics are two of the healthcare settings where neurologists most frequently work. A neurologist may face urgent situations in hospitals that need to be treated, whereas those in private practice frequently deal with chronic, non-urgent illnesses that need continuous monitoring and care.

What is the job of a neurologist?

Neurologists perform a variety of daily responsibilities that help them diagnose situations and collaborate with patients to become better. Depending on their employment and area of expertise, these responsibilities may differ, however, they typically consist of:

  • Advising individuals about their medical background and any neurological problems they may be experiencing
  • Scheduling neurological examinations for patients and analyzing the outcomes of imaging investigations
  • Recommending and delivering medication and other treatments.
  • observing the effects of any drug or treatment on patients’ behavior and cognition
  • placing orders for supportive services to meet patients’ requirements during the treatment or rehabilitation of their condition
  • Preserving a current comprehension of the procedures and strategies used in neuroscience.
  • Participating in research initiatives to advance understanding of various treatment and management methods
  • Communicating with other health professionals, hospitals, and community forums to exchange and learn information pertinent to certain problems and circumstances
  • Investigating and comprehending the domains that examine the connections between neurology and related fields

What diseases are treated by neurologists?

These medical professionals treat a range of neurologic illnesses to assess the patient’s prognosis and develop a treatment plan that will enable them to either recover from or maintain their conditions. Among the most prevalent problems, neurologists encounter are:

Inspecting patients

To make sure that a patient’s nervous system and brain are functioning normally, neurologists regularly work with and assess their patients. Neurologists can assess reflexes, verbal responses, and motor skills during routine exams since these tests don’t call for heavy, specialist equipment. This can assist them in finding anomalies and establishing diagnoses.

Carry out specialist examinations

A neurologist can also administer specialist exams that can produce a detailed report on the patient’s neurological system’s operations. These examinations may involve computed tomography (CT) scans, spinal fluid analyses, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans (CT). Neurologists can better comprehend the conditions of their patients thanks to the results of each test and analysis, which may then be used to discover treatments or other solutions.

Implement procedures

Neurologists may do specialized procedures like nerve conduction investigations, spinal punctures, and seizure monitoring. Neurologists can use these techniques to help them identify patterns in the illnesses of certain of their patients that may lead to the discovery of treatments or other means of support. To help patients with more complex diseases, trained neurologists are also capable of carrying out more difficult procedures, such as spine monitoring.

Work with other medical professionals

To assist other doctors with their patients and queries regarding specific neurological conditions, neurologists can also give them their knowledge and skills. For instance, if a surgeon is worried about protecting a patient’s neurological system during surgery, they may consult a neurologist.

The ability to detect and identify neurological disorders allows neurologists to collaborate with neurosurgeons to assist in brain surgeries and operations.

Other neurologist tasks during their career include:

  • Alzheimer’s condition
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Concussions
  • Epilepsy
  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Migraines
  • Sclerosis multiplex
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Spinal cord or brain damage
  • Parkinson’s illness
  • Tumors of the brain, spine, or nerve
  • Strokes
  • Radicular neuropathy
  • Seizures
  • Tremors

The steps to becoming a neurologist

To become a neurologist, you can take the following seven steps:

1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree

There are several bachelor’s degrees you can obtain to support your pursuit of a neurology job. Physics, Biology, and chemistry degrees are a few of the most important ones. Pre-med degrees are also offered by several colleges and institutions, and they include a wide range of topics related to the medical field.

It might also be beneficial to discuss changes that can strengthen your application to med college with your instructors and fellow faculty members while you are still enrolled in university or college. These options may include helping out at community organizations and homeless shelters in the neighborhood as well as job shadowing doctors or other medical professionals.

2. Participate in beneficial internships

Locate internships or other related experiences that will make your resume stand out to admissions committees before applying to medical school. Look at internships that provide you with clinical work, patient encounters, or lab research exposure.

For instance, you might search for an internship at a medical facility. These kinds of internships may not only give you valuable knowledge and skills that will help you as a medical doctor, but they can also demonstrate to medical schools your tenacity and enthusiasm for the field.

3. Enroll in medical school.

Neurologists graduate from medical college before beginning their careers because they deal with patients directly. You must first pass the medical university admission test to be accepted into medical school (MCAT). It can be quite helpful to use resources like a test preparation class, a tutor, or a study group because medical schools frequently take the results of this test extremely seriously.

About half of the time spent in medical school—which typically lasts four years—is spent in the classroom learning about the theory and application of medicine. A neurologist may spend the second half of med school gaining experience, such as working under the supervision of certified medical professionals in a teaching hospital.

4. Finish a residency program in medicine

An internship lasting a full year is a requirement of a medical residency program, where you can get the knowledge and abilities necessary to become a successful neurologist. The whole residency program in a hospital, which can take between three and four years, can be completed after the medical residency if you want to train with an active neurologist. You can practice patient examinations, treatments, and disease and sickness diagnoses during your tenancy.

5. Pass certification and licensure exams

After completing your residency, you can sit for the necessary certification exams and get a state license. Typically, this entails sitting for tests that include both written and spoken portions. You can apply for and obtain your certification and license to work as a doctor and qualify as a neurologist in the jurisdiction of your choice after passing these exams.

6. Think about a fellowship or specialty.

Some neurologists spend several years learning specific subspecialties to advance their abilities and understanding of neurology. With an emphasis on autonomic disorders, neurological repair and therapy, neuroimaging, and other areas, fellowship programs can help neurologists acquire these subspecialties.

Subspecialties can help you advance as a doctor and neurologist, as well as expand your work options and even open doors to more senior administration jobs. The following list of typical neurology subspecialties:

  • Neurobehavioral science
  • Neurophysiology in practice
  • Motion sickness
  • Adolescent neurology
  • Neurovascular Vascular
  • Headache

7. Choose a specific career.

You can choose where you want to work as a neurologist after obtaining your qualification and licensure and have decided if you wish to specialize. Although many neurologists serve patients in hospitals, there are other possible job settings. A few of the most typical places where neurologists can find employment are listed below:

  • Private practice
  • Government research
  • Roles in academia and education
  • Research on a specialty group or illness

Qualities that a neurologist must possess

Neurologists need the following essential abilities:

  • Problem-solving: Neurologists employ strong analytical reasoning to spot potential patient issues and identify any disorders. This is done after doing tests and reviewing the data.
  • Dexterity: A stable and nimble hand is necessary for some of the tests and surgeries that neurologists carry out. Neurologists need the dexterity to perform procedures like lumbar punctures and skin and muscle biopsies.
  • Communication: When speaking with patients and their families and conferring with other medical professionals, neurologists put their verbal communication abilities to the test. When they write procedure reports and keep track of patients’ records, they also make good use of their writing abilities.
  • Leadership: Neurologists frequently collaborate with medical staff to carry out their duties. Neurologists must have excellent leadership skills to explain tasks and occasionally physically exhibit how to do operations when their team assists them with assessments and treatments.

What is the length of training for the profession of a neurologist?

It can take 12 to 13 years to become a fully qualified and authorized neurologist. The length of a neurologist’s schooling might be increased by two to eight years if they undertake a fellowship. The general timetable for each phase of training to become a neurologist is provided below:

  • Bachelor’s degree: four years
  • College of Medicine: four years
  • Hospital residency and internship: four to five years
  • Fellowship duration: two to eight years

What tests are used by neurologists?

Neurologists utilize a range of diagnostic methods and medical tests to assist them in identifying and treating difficulties in their patients, including:

  • Angiography: This examination looks at the blood vessels in the patient’s head, neck, and brain to look for any damage, obstructions, or other abnormalities. Blood clots and aneurysms are frequently found during angiographies.
  • Biopsy: Neurologists do biopsies to take a sample of tissue from a patient’s nerve, muscle, or brain. The cells in this tissue can then be examined to see if they are harmless.
  • Imaging techniques: These specialists examine a patient’s body for any abnormalities using techniques like ultrasound imaging scans, X-rays, electromagnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasounds.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid examination: During this test, a neurologist takes a sample of the fluid surrounding the patient’s brain and the spinal cord to check for infections, brain bleeding, or metabolic disorders.
  • Electroencephalography: Neurologists utilize electroencephalography (EEG) to examine the electrical activity of the brains of their patients to identify encephalitis, tumors, seizures, and other brain ailments.
  • Electromyography: Neurologists can track and monitor electrical impulses in patients’ muscles using the electromyography test, which aids in the diagnosis of a variety of muscle or nerve diseases.
  • Electronystagmography: Using this test, neurologists can identify balance abnormalities by examining a patient’s dizziness or uncontrollable eye movements.
  • Particle-Emitting Tomography: Neurologists employ positron emission tomography (PET) imaging studies to look for malignancies or to determine whether a patient has dementia, epilepsy, or Alzheimer’s disease.

Which degrees do neurologists hold?

Candidates for the position of neurologist frequently complete four years of undergraduate study and four years of med school to obtain a degree in osteopathy or medicine. A strong grade point average is necessary to get accepted into med college, which is why many prospective neurologists pick biology, chemistry, or physics as their undergraduate majors. When students apply to medical schools, they might also gain from participating in extracurricular activities that demonstrate their interest in neurology.

A recognized neurology residency program requires future neurologists to undergo four years of specialized training after medical school. Candidates follow a supervising doctor on rounds each day, observe and analyze patients’ responses, and attend classes that are pertinent to their job all through the residency. The chance to participate in case studies and go through numerous real-world issues is another benefit of residence. After their possession, some future neurologists spend one to three years completing additional specialized training.

Subspecialties that neurologists frequently pursue

Neurologists can seek subspecialty training if they have a particular field they are interested in working in, which can enable them to get employment in that area and increase their income potential. Among the frequent subspecialties they pursue are:

  • Adolescent neurology
  • Medication for sleep
  • Musculoskeletal medicine
  • Elderly neurology
  • Neurovascular Vascular
  • Neurocritical treatment
  • Interventional radiology of the brain
  • Neurophysiology in practice
  • Neuro-oncology
  • neurological developmental disorders
  • Autonomic dysfunction

The typical neurologist’s pay

The average annual pay for neurologists is $244,439. This number can change depending on several crucial criteria, including their experience, location, company, and specialism. In addition to their pay, neurologists frequently are given the following benefits:

  • Matching 401(k)
  • Health protection
  • Program for repaying loans
  • Defamation insurance
  • Paid vacation time
  • Visa sponsorship
  • Assistance with relocation

What is the difference between a neurologist and a psychiatrist?

Medical professions that deal with the brain include psychiatry and neurology, but their areas of emphasis are different. There are certain job similarities between neurologists and psychiatrists, however, they need different training and specialize in different diseases. Knowing the differences between neurology and psychiatry will help you choose the career path that is best for you if you are interested in delivering medical care connected to the brain.

Who are psychiatrists?

A psychiatrist is a medical professional who specializes in the recognition, evaluation, and treatment of mental diseases and mental issues. Psychiatrists interview patients to assess their psychological and behavioral symptoms, and then they decide on the most effective course of action for those problems. They receive counseling, behavioral interventions, and psychiatric medication as part of their care. Psychiatrists may recommend their patients to other medical experts such as counselors, psychologists, or rehab therapists to offer comprehensive neurological care.

Neurologists versus psychiatrists

Although there are some illnesses that both neurologists and psychiatrists treat, there are also some key distinctions between these two subspecialties of medicine. The following are some key comparisons to take into account while choosing between a profession as a psychiatrist or a neurologist:


Psychiatrists and neurologists both deal with disorders and illnesses that impact the brain and the mind. However, while psychiatrists focus on psychological issues, neurologists are experts in physiological illnesses. As a result, neurologists deal with neurological disorders of the brain as well as uncontrollable physical processes connected to the nervous system. Psychiatrists treat illnesses that manifest as emotional and behavioral symptoms as a result of chemical abnormalities in the brain, cognitive difficulties, or life events. Although the brain is involved in both sorts of specialties, the symptoms show up differently.

Symptoms and conditions

Patients may visit a psychiatrist, a neurologist, or both, depending on the origin of their symptoms and how they impact their lives. A neurological illness may occasionally result in psychological symptoms, and vice versa. For instance, a neurologist caring for a patient with brain damage may suggest they see a psychiatrist to assist them to deal with any anxiety that may develop as a result of their illness. The following symptoms can be treated by both psychiatrists and neurologists individually or as a combined care team for a patient:

  • Sleeping issues
  • Hallucinations
  • Memory problems
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion

Any symptoms concerning the nerve system that patients may experience can be helped by neurologists. Neurologists can assist patients having pain, discomfort, or disability in any area of their bodies because humans have nerves throughout their bodies, but they particularly concentrate on the spine and brain. Following are a few conditions that neurologists treat:

  • Nausea and vertigo
  • Pain
  • Migraines and headaches
  • Irritation and tingling
  • Trembling and weakened muscles
  • Vision difficulties
  • Brain injury
  • Seizures
  • Epilepsy
  • Strokes

Psychiatrists concentrate on treating conditions that affect how people feel, think, and act. Along with helping patients with their physical functions, they also work to help them with their mental functions. Listed below are a few signs and conditions that psychiatrists treat:

  • Addiction
  • Disordered eating
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Mood changes
  • Schizophrenia
  • Dissociation
  • Defects in development
  • Emotional adversity


As medical professionals, neurologists and psychiatrists talk with patients, provide diagnoses, and administer treatments. Being a patient advocate for those in psychiatry and neurology comes with a special set of obligations. Here are a few responsibilities for neurologists:

  • Examining symptoms: Neurologists start sessions by asking patients to explain their symptoms and performing physical examinations. Patients are frequently questioned about how much pain they are experiencing, and their reflexes and motor skills are assessed.
  • Performing diagnostic scans: Obtaining a brain and spine scan is a crucial step in making a neurological diagnosis. To understand the anatomy and function of the brain, neurologists do scans such as MRIs, MRAs, EEGs, and VNGs.
  • Testing nerve function: Neurologists are specially trained in a form of examination known as electromyography (EMG), which employs electrodes and needles to spot irregularities in the muscles and nerves.
  • Medication prescriptions: Since many neurology patients experience physical discomfort, neurologists frequently recommend prescription drugs to ease discomfort while making a diagnosis. After diagnosis, they also recommend medicine as a course of treatment.
  • Examining test results: To determine the reason for each patient’s symptoms, neurologists examine data from blood and urine tests, consultations, scans, as well as other diagnostic tests.

Psychiatrists often perform the following duties:

  • Assessing brain abilities: Psychiatrists interview patients regarding their moods, emotions, and actions. To create a full psychiatric diagnosis, they use written evaluations, interviews, and personality tests.
  • Creating care plans: A psychiatrist may suggest different drugs or forms of psychological treatment based on each person’s illness. Each prescription is given the optimal amount and frequency, and any adverse effects are carefully taken into account.
  • Working with therapists: In addition to receiving medicinal treatment for psychiatric problems, many patients who receive psychiatric care also work with therapists and psychologists to assist them in managing their life abilities and psychological coping skills. To enhance care plans and offer comprehensive care, psychiatrists consult with therapists and issue recommendations.
  • Medication research: Psychiatric medicine is continually changing, and producers routinely introduce new pharmaceuticals. For their patients’ best possible care, psychiatrists look into cutting-edge drugs and therapies.
  • Monitoring patient’s condition: A psychiatrist may have regular meetings with patients to monitor their psychological and emotional development while taking various drugs and undergoing various treatments. To track growth over time, they retest patients using the same evaluations.


A bachelor’s degree and medical college must be completed before becoming a doctor of any specialty, including psychiatry and neurology. After graduating from medical school, neurologists enroll in a four-year residency program where they receive specialized training from senior neurologists before entering the workforce. A four-year residency is also required of psychiatrists; however, they only work with other certified psychiatrists.


Psychiatrists have an average annual pay of $234,965, whilst neurologists earn a median yearly compensation of $192,992. In either role, your pay is based on your location, your company, your years of work experience, and if you specialize in a subspecialty. In general, you can determine your fees if you work as a psychiatrist or neurologist in private practice, but insurance companies may only pay a fixed amount for health services.

Working Conditions

Neurologists and psychiatrists can operate in a variety of healthcare settings. Both of them have the option of working at medical facilities or opening their private clinics. In addition, psychiatrists may work in drug and alcohol treatment clinics and behavioral health facilities. Neurologists frequently practice in a sterile clinic room in a more conventional doctor’s office setting. Like a counselor or therapist, a psychiatrist may conduct appointments in a more informal office setting with sofas and chairs to give patients a relaxing space to talk about mental health difficulties.


Before the availability of on-campus or online higher education, students apprenticed to masters to learn different crafts like bricklaying or plumbing. The expression “apprenticed to a master plumber” may be familiar to you (or electrician or construction worker). There were ranks between an apprentice and a master, like a journeyman, and becoming a master took many years. The majority of apprenticeships were unpaid.

Apprenticeships are still available in some trades. Professional medical careers do not. However, the Internet gives you the option of becoming a neurology apprentice.

You can enroll in their online neurology program right now!

Frequently Asked Questions on Neurologists

  • What is the UK’s average training period for neurologists?

5-year period

After graduating from medical school, you’ll sign up for the two-year, compensated foundation program, where you’ll complete six placements in various settings. After completing your foundational program, you can apply for paid specialist training to qualify as a neurologist, which will last at least five years.

  • Is math a part of neurology?

Almost all neuroscience research topics need statistical modeling, and all neuroscientists are expected to have a solid grasp of mathematical techniques.

  • What is the quickest path to becoming a neurologist?

A four-year college degree, the MCAT examination, medical college attendance, residency, licensure exams, and fellowship are typically required steps on the road to becoming a neurologist. This path is then followed by a variety of professional careers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *